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Signal Source and Technical Parameters of 5G Antenna Network Base Station
Signal Source and Technical Parameters of 5G Antenna Network Base Station
Professional 5G 4G LTE 3G GSM GPRS Cellular Antenna, WIFI Antenna And GNSS Antenna Solution Provider

Signal Source and Technical Parameters of 5G Antenna Network Base Station

1. 5g antenna base station and terminal


The 5G network is a densely distributed base station network. The base station distribution density is higher than that of previous generations of mobile systems. Among them, the base station mobile terminals use the 28Ghz millimeter wave frequency band for communication.


The base station antenna system adopts a phased array antenna system, and the 5g antenna beam is cross-polarized in both vertical and horizontal directions to achieve higher user density and increase system user capacity.


The 5G terminal has the ability to select base stations by itself, and can select base stations with low bit error rates and channel communications according to the bit error rate of the base stations to achieve these functions. Relying on array antenna technology, both base stations and terminals use millimeter wave phased array antennas. The antenna array in the terminal is an nXn lattice;


2. Review the fpc antenna technology in the terminal


The mobile phone is full of antennas, from GPS, Bluetooth, wifi, 2G, 3G, 4G and other frequency bands. The lower the frequency, the larger the size. Millimeter wave, as the name suggests, its wavelength scale is within 10 mm, calculated by a quarter of the wavelength, a lattice of about 2.5 mm is an array with regular intervals.


4G antennas are generally arranged on the upper and lower ends and sides of mobile phones, using LDS (a manufacturing process of three-dimensional circuits, where the laser selectively deposits metal on 3D curved plastic) and fpc antennas (flexible circuit boards). Cooperate with the side metal frame to realize the terminal antenna function.


In metal mobile phones, a section of exposed metal in the middle frame and the FPC in the mobile phone form an antenna: glass mobile phones became popular in 2017, and the crafts and materials to be used for this type of mobile phones are still FPC and LDS crafts.


There are also fpc antennas manufactured on glass shells and glass brackets: 0.1-0.2mm thick 3D glass brackets to manufacture border touch and antennas


3. Features and technology of mobile phone 5g antenna


1) The 5G terminal antenna is very sensitive to surrounding metals


Due to the short wavelength of millimeter wave, the interference from metal is very severe. Printed circuit boards (ie PCB boards) need to maintain a clearance of 1.5 mm between them and metal objects.


2) The 5g antenna is a lattice that interacts with vertical and horizontal antennas


This vertical and horizontal interactive antenna corresponds to the transmission and reception of signals in the vertical and horizontal polarization directions.


3) The 5G antenna has special requirements for the installation position


Since the 5G terminal antenna is a phased array system, its antenna units need to be synthesized to form a focused beam. Therefore, the 5g antenna needs to be placed in a regular position. The antenna cannot be blocked by metal, which is suitable for 3D space scanning and regular space.


When a 5G terminal is blocked by human hands and human body, its signal will begin to find the optimal bit error rate frequency band. To put it vividly, a mobile phone is like a pet with eyes. Once blocked, it immediately turns its eyes around to find the optimal channel.


We call this action of 5G mobile phone optimization of mobile phones. Therefore, when designing a terminal, the location of the 5g antenna should be appropriate from the beginning to make it easy to find the best.


At present, the most suitable positions for 5G antennas in mobile phone terminals are at both ends, especially the upper end (near the earpiece position). Other 4G internal antennas must give way to them, that is to say, they have the right to preferential positions, and other antennas are moved to other places.

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