Deploying a 5G network requires the use of many antenna packages suitable for indoor and outdoor use, networking with small cells with wide coverage, and various types of terminal equipment. The following are some 5g antenna design considerations based on several common deployment scenarios.
1. Base station
The network resources of most cell phone towers today are very crowded. For this reason, building a compact 5g antenna with integrated high and low frequencies is the most cost-effective solution. In addition, to achieve small cell coverage by placing antennas on street lamp poles and corners of buildings, a more compact design is also inseparable. Ultimately, different frequency ranges will be used for different application implementations.
2. User and terminal equipment
Data, communication requirements, operating frequency, and device design will determine the antenna design used in various 5G applications. Sensors and control devices connected by 5g smart antenna have many uses, and they are especially expected to replace cable connections in manufacturing, infrastructure, surveillance and control, agriculture, and fixed wireless network access points.
Sensors and controllers optimized for low data rates and low latency of 5g smart antennas need to operate at specific frequencies. Fixed wireless antenna access points may use a combination of frequencies below 6GHz and millimeter wave frequencies. The former is used for control plane signals, and the latter is used to provide end-user equipment with high throughput and low latency.